Other PIDs


IGSN ID (International Generic Sample Number) is a unique and permanent identifier for physical samples (e.g. rocks, water, soil). IGSN can be used as a standard method for their identification, citation and reliable localization.

The IGSN is operated by the International Generic Sample Number Organisation (IGSN e.V.), an international registration agency. Organisations wishing to assign an IGSN must pay an annual membership fee to the IGSN e.V. Thanks to the partnership between IGSN e.V. and DataCite, IGSN IDs can now also be registered through DataCite and used in any industry to identify physical objects.


RAiD (Research Activity Identifier) is a persistent and globally unique identifier for research projects. RAiD is provided free of charge by the Australian Research Data Commons (ARDC). 

RAiD helps to track who is involved in a project, who is funding it, what the outputs of the project are and what tools have been used. RAiD thus allows all information related to a research project to be gathered in one place.

RAiD is based on a handle system. The RAiD handle is assigned via the RAiD API using the ARDC Handle Service or via the RAiD User Dashboard

Like ORCID, RAiD includes a modifiable record and the ability to add or change content without having to version the ID itself. Each new entry is time-stamped. In addition, the source of the new information is captured, if available.

RAiD offers flexible openness management, while sensitive data can remain closed.

Metadata contains descriptive information about the project (e.g. grants, organizations, collaborators, articles, etc.). Metadata can also include other persistent identifiers – e.g. ORCID for researchers associated with the project, DOI for funding grants, ROR for research institutions. 

Information on other persistent identifiers will be added over time.

Questions or comments can be sent to us at identifikatory@techlib.cz